Land built in Spain from 1958 to 1994

Why build Lands in Spain?

In 1953, Land Rover had an enormous success and it was necessary to invest on new markets. However in Spain, Rover Company, via Tabanera Romagosa (the official importer based in Madrid), sells small quantities of English trucks. But the car industry in this country is almost non-existent. To protect the economy, the Spanish government, increases the taxes of the imported vehicles but facilitates the car manufacturers to install factories on his territory. In addition, the General Franco, dictator of the country at that time, saw there a notable military interest in the event of conflict. In fact, in this agreement with Land Rover, his country had the possibility of having a sizeable stock of parts spare his military vehicles. Side of Land Rover, the commercial interest was serious. Franco had good political relations with the leaders of certain countries of America Latina, Colombia, and Cuba. A opportunity for the mark to thrive where Land British were not imported.

The Santana production.

In the town of Linares, the factory of the MSA company (Metalurgica de Santa Ana) manufactured agricultural machinery as well as gear boxes for Citroen. After long negotiations, Tabanera Romagosa and Rover, with the support of the Spanish government, transformed this factory to assemble there, Land Rover coming from England. The MSA factory assembled their first Land in 1958, which was offered to the Franco General. Left the factory, these land received the small name of Santana. It’s only in 1967, almost 10 years after, that MSA which been able to manufacture and assemble in an autonomous way these Land Rover. From this date small differences start to appear between Land Santana and their English brothers. Indeed, the factory did not follow inevitably, at the same time on their Land Santana, the improvements made by Land Rover England. Thus, for example, Land Rover Santana SIII will preserve for a long time the frame, the axles and the suspensions of Land Rover SIIA. On certain SIII Santana, they will find even the engine and the clutch of the SIIA.

End of the Land Rover Santana production.

Relations between MSA and Land Rover strongly degraded in 1983. It becomes urgent to find for the Spanish factory a new production. What will lead in 1986 by the signing of a contract with the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki.
The production of Land Rover Santana SIV in 1989 finished scrambling the two firms. Indeed, MSA diffused an improvement of land SIIIA under appellation SIV. What made shade with the English production which proposed at that time their new model Land Rover 90 and 110.In 1990 MSA broke definitively with the British firm. Land Rover sold their interests to MSA by explaining that the vehicles made in Spain differed too much from the English models. Thus MSA continued to manufacture their own Land under the only name of Santana. During this time, Land Rover diffused its own English models in Spain. In 1994, MSA was forced to stop the production of the SIV.
The factory still manufacture under Suzuki licence, small 4x4 named Santana.

Santana Motor return to their origins with the PS10 Anibal project

In 1998, Santana became Santana Motor jumped into the PS10 Project, a 4x4 derived from the Land Rover Series IV of 1989. The 4x4 market tends to produce more and more comfortable vehicles, non adapted to a professional use (Suzuki contract). Consequently, in January 1998, the Santana administration council, decides to create a vehicle to professional use. This project is called PS10. The purpose is to put on today’s market a practical engine, as those sold by Santana in the past with the first Land Rover Santana. Deeply inspired on the Santana Serie IV from 1989 model, the PS10 will propose new characteristics in order to satisfy the most exigent professional clients.

General characteristics of Land Santana.

Left models: SERIES II, IIA, III, IIIA, IV

Until 67, Santana are identical to English Land is aluminium body, driving 2L250 Diesel and Essense from 66 to 77 CV of 3 and 5 stages, Hard signal aluminum, only visible difference the logo Land Rover Santana on the grill metal and plastic according to years' in exit

After 67, of the differences seem: the diesel engines Spanish and essense V6 of 95 and 104 CV, the gear box Land Santana LT85 (indestructible but noisy box), the Hardware signal out of plastic, avoid it breeze in only one part, of small rear windows right and left not always present bus they are optional, the grill advanced on the level of the headlights because of the housing of V6, etc...

Land Rover Santana Série II

Specificities: Engine 2L250 with 3 stages, gear box not synchronized series II.

Photo: Serie II,

Source: James Taylor, Land Magazine N°9 (edit off-roads)

Land Rover Santana Série IIA

Appearance in 1962

Specificities: Engine 2L250 with 3 stages, gear box not synchronized series II.

Photo: Serie IIA 109,

Source: James Taylor, Land Magazine N°9 (edit off-roads)

Land Rover Santana Série III

Appearance in 1974

Specificities: Engine 2L250 with 3 stages, gear box synchronized series III, frame + clutch + axles + suspensions of series IIA.

Photo: Serie III 88 : Mon propre Land Santana

Land Rover Santana Série III

Appearance in 1977

The 109 Series III are equipped with engines 6 cyl. diesel and gasoline of 95 and 104 horses made in Spain.

Photo: Serie III 109,

Source: James Taylor, Land Magazine N°9 (edit off-roads)

Land Rover Santana Série IIIA

Appearance in 1982

From 1981, the 109 are equipped with a windshield of a part.

From 1982, the indestructible gear box (LT85) Santana appears.

Specificities: Engine 2L250 with 5 stages, gear box Santana, headlights rectangular.

Photo: Serie IIIA 109,

Source: James Taylor, Land Magazine N°9 (edit off-roads)

Land Rover Santana Série IV

Appearance in 1989

(Competitor of the 90 and 110 English)

Specificities: Engine 2L250 with 5 stages, gear box Santana (LT85), calenders advanced on the level of the headlights, the mark Land Rover disappeared.

Photo: Serie IV 109,

Source: James Taylor, Land Magazine N°9 (edit off-roads)

Santana PS10 Anibal

Project of 1998, Derived from LR Series IV
Appearance in 2001

(Competitor of Defender de Land Rover)


Sofim/Iveco engine, 4cyl on line, Turbo D Direct Intercooler with injection, 2800 Cm3 of 126 CV to 3600 rpm, Gear box standard LT 85 (Santana Box) at 5 Speeds. Steel body except for the wings postpone which are out of aluminium. Suspension with rigid axle, blades parabolic, telescopic shock absorbers.

Presentation of the PS10

Photo: Santana PS10SW (salon 4x4 Val d'Isère 2002)

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